Mohács is a city of 20,000 habitants int he southeastern part of Baranya County, on both sides of the river Danube. The settlement lies int he junction of the main roads number 56 and 57, and it is connected with the county town, Pécs by a railway station. The settlement was first mentioned in a document in 1093, its name might originate from the Slay word moha meaning moorland. The bishop of Pécs owned the fishing village, it started to emerge from the surrounding settlements in the 12th-13th... tovább th centuries, when it became the centre of the estate due to its favourable position. Int he 15th century, it was mentioned as a market town. Its developement was broken in 1526 by the grey battle agaist the Turks int he near of the city, next to Sátorhely settlement. The fight lasted altogether one and a half hour, but our king, and a great number of our lords died, and we lost our national developement, for centuries. At the time of the Turkish reign, the settlement along an important military road was a Turkish centre for some time. The area emptied during the period of the subjection. At the beginning of the 18th century, Hungarian, Swabian, Croatian, and Serb ethnical groups started to repopulate it. The city became multi-racial at that time. This has been preserved by the structure of the city, by the city parts of the nationalities, with churches int he centres. In the 18th-19th centuries, it received the prerogatives of the market town again from the bishopric, and became the economic and cultural centre of the area again. Its developement was influenced by the border changes after the World WarI., and by the changes of the population after 1945.
Mohács attracts tourists – besides the historical memories due to the cultural programmes, the world famous „Busójárás” (a popular custom at the end of winter), the summer festivals, and the fest of the area’s wines.
Suggested walking tours: Tourinform Office – City Hall – Votive church – Museum of Dorottya Kanizsai – Craftmans House – Serbian-Ortodox-Church – Bisop’s Palace – „Busó” house – Showroom of Kossuth Cinema Theatre – statue of Miklós Radnóti – Tourinform Office
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